Posts tagged biodiversity
Using Agroforestry to Save the Planet

According to a report by Biodiversity International, the Center for International Forestry Research, the World Agroforestry Centre, and Charles Sturt University, forests contribute to the livelihoods of more than 1.6 billion people. Yet, 30 percent of the world’s forests are used primarily for the production of wood products.

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Report Shows Agroforestry’s Contribution to Several SDGs

A report by member organizations of the Agroforestry Network provides evidence of how agroforestry can contribute to implementation of nine out of the 17 SDGs, with the strongest impact potential for poverty reduction (SDG 1) and hunger alleviation (SDG 2), as well as for climate action (SDG 13) and life on land (SDG 15).

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Nurturing life, from the soil up

My father’s postwar generation of farmers emphasized the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers to increase production. What these methods ignored was the need of the dirt itself. Today, we understand the cost of these practices, not only for the larger environment, but in terms of what farmers, politicians, and environmental historians loosely call soil exhaustion. 

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Native Knowledge: What Ecologists Are Learning from Indigenous People

From Alaska to Australia, scientists are turning to the knowledge of traditional people for a deeper understanding of the natural world. What they are learning is helping them discover more about everything from melting Arctic ice, to protecting fish stocks, to controlling wildfires.

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EverGreen Agriculture: a solution for degraded landscapes

EverGreen Agriculture, a form of agroforestry, is an affordable solution that integrates trees with food crops and livestock to create more sustainable and productive agricultural systems for farming families big and small. Trees on farms have already transformed the lives of farmers in over twenty African countries by restoring exhausted soils. This translates to increased crop yields, more fodder for livestock, greater firewood supplies for household consumption, better resilience and increased income.

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Quantifying Resilience of Multiple Ecosystem Services & Biodiversity in a Temperate Forest Landscape

Resilience is increasingly being considered as a new paradigm of forest management among scientists, practitioners, and policymakers. However, metrics of resilience to environmental change are lacking. Faced with novel disturbances, forests may be able to sustain existing ecosystem services and biodiversity by exhibiting resilience, or alternatively these attributes may undergo either a linear or nonlinear decline.

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How agriculture can enrich ecosystems

Agriculture has a role to play in addressing many of the pressing challenges we face today, from climate mitigation and adaptation, to quality nutrition for a growing population, to sustainable livelihoods. When agriculture is purely extractive, it exacerbates all of these challenges.

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Farmers Increase Profits Using Traditional Practices

Healthy food can only be produced in healthy soil; tragically, through years of use of synthetic, nitrogen-based fertilizers, farm land has lost a significant amount of soil microbial diversity and health. Moreover, organic carbon loss, driven in part by nitrogen fertilizers, has led to poor water infiltration, soil erosion, unhealthy plant root systems, poor yield and nutrient-poor plants. The solution lies in regenerative land management that can be practiced at home and on the farm, including little to no-till management, planting cover crops and plant rotation — all of which result in higher yield and reduced overhead costs

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Juice company dumped orange peels in deforested area. Here’s what it looks like 16 years later

A couple of ecologists named Daniel Janzen and Winnie Hallwachs had an idea for a local orange juice company in Costa Rica — little did they know, their idea would lead to a discovery of a lifetime.

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Grasslands restoration is working in the soil, too

A new study finds that tallgrass prairie restoration at a large Illinois preserve is working at a foundational level -- in the soil. Bacteria in the soil are recolonizing and recovering on their own to resemble soil found in remnant prairies. The study shows that a carefully managed restoration can produce successes even beyond easily-recognized plant and animal biodiversity.

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Grazing to improve soil health, producer profits

Dr. Richard Teague might be considered a cowboy of a different kind. He’s not rounding up stray cattle, but rather wrangling the best management practices on ranches to help the cattle and their owners.

Teague, a Texas A&M AgriLife Research ecologist at Vernon, grew up on a farm and knows firsthand there are some unintended consequences from traditional long-standing agricultural practices that might not readily be seen.

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How to Create Fertility Without Buying Fertilizer

There is a common misconception in the farming world that’s harming your profits and potentially your future. We’re led to believe – in increasingly clever and technical ways – that we need fertilisers in order to increase the productivity of pasture or meadow. But just as humans aren’t ‘statin deficient’ when they have a heart attack; grasslands aren’t ‘fertiliser deficient’ if their performance is poor.

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Regeneration: The Next Stage of Organic Food and Farming—And Civilization

The basic menu for a Regeneration Revolution is to unite the world’s 3 billion rural farmers, ranchers and herders with several billion health, environmental and justice-minded consumers to overturn “business as usual” and embark on a global campaign of cooperation, solidarity and regeneration.

According to food activist Vandana Shiva, “Regenerative agriculture provides answers to the soil crisis, the food crisis, the health crisis, the climate crisis, and the crisis of democracy.”

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